Most of our research on language treatment is done with younger children, despite the fact that challenges for people with language disorders persist into adulthood. One of these challenges might be word finding difficulties, or being unable to say a known word when needed. Previous research has given us proven treatments for word finding difficulties in children and young adolescents, but the authors of this study wanted to see if they could also improve word finding in older students.
The researchers gave students aged 16–19* a standardized word finding test before the study started, after a period of no treatment, and after a short period of treatment. In eight 30-minute treatment sessions, students boosted their semantic knowledge of nouns by sorting them into categories and answering questions about them (see Appendix 5 for examples). Students’ improvement on the word finding test was higher across the treatment period than the no-treatment period, suggesting that the treatment improved their general word finding ability. The study wasn’t experimental, so we can’t make strong conclusions, but it does suggest that teenage students can still make progress on word finding skills.
*College students in the UK, where the study was conducted; high school students in the US
Campbell, L., Nicoll, H., & Ebbels, S. H. (2019). The effectiveness of semantic intervention for word-finding difficulties in college-aged students (16–19 years) with persistent Language Disorder. Autism & Developmental Language Impairments. doi:10.1177/2396941519870784