So much of story comprehension depends on inferencing, or making assumptions and connections beyond what’s stated in a story. We know that children with developmental language disorder (DLD) struggle with inferencing, but we don’t have (much) good evidence for treatments to target it. Until now, that is—Dawes et al. are here to help with a fabulous, free, feasible treatment for inferential comprehension.
The researchers randomly assigned 5- to 6-year-olds with DLD to an inferential comprehension treatment condition or to a control phonological awareness treatment condition. Both groups attended 30-minute small-group treatment sessions twice a week for 8 weeks. The inferential comprehension treatment used strategies including narrative retell, dialogic reading, think-alouds, and graphic organizers (see Table 2 for full list). And, great news—the activities for all four books used in the intervention are available for free!
Children’s inferential comprehension ability was tested before, immediately after, and 8 weeks after the treatment using different stories. (The assessments are ALSO freely available, because these researchers are amazing.) Children in the treatment group improved significantly more than the control group on inferential comprehension measures and maintained their improvement after 8 weeks. This is about as good as it gets—a scripted, free program that you can deliver in groups with strong evidence for improvement after a short period of treatment.
For more info about profiles of children who struggle with inferential comprehension, see this article by the same researchers.
Dawes, E., Leitão, S., Claessen, M., & Kane, R. (2018). A randomized controlled trial of an oral inferential comprehension intervention for young children with developmental language disorder. Child Language Teaching and Therapy. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/0265659018815736