This study is a reminder that children with cochlear implants (CI) can’t be expected to have equivalent speech–language skills to hearing peers. As a group, children with CIs had less-grammatical spoken language when compared to hearing-age matched peers (though a portion of the CI group performed equivalently to peers), years after implantation. The authors suggest that clinicians must look beyond the morpheme-level features known to be affected by speech perception (e.g. –s, –ed endings), and also consider that syntax may be delayed in this population as well.
Remember how we’ve mentioned previously that ReST is one of our best evidence-based options for treatment of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS)? And how you can learn how to do ReST here? Well, this paper indicates that, “…combined clinician–parent delivery of ReST was less efficacious than previously reported clinician-only delivered ReST.” So better leave this one to the SLPs/SLTs for now.
This study links language scores at age 2 with adult communication and social skills in people with autism.
This study showed that stuttering alone was not a predictor of higher anxiety in a sample of over 800 11-year-old children. Also, for a group of 3–6-year-olds, this study showed that stuttering and temperament (including “precursors to anxiety”) were not associated. Clearly, we don't have a great handle on the link between stuttering and anxiety, because other research has identified associations between anxiety and stuttering.
This study reviews the communication profiles of children from birth to early adulthood with Angelman syndrome. For clinicians with such a child currently on his/her caseload, this article may provide a good framework for what to expect in communication skill development.
This study examines archival longitudinal data to show that children with language disorders, “…as 6-year-olds continued to show language and reading deficits as 14-year-olds,” and review other longitudinal studies with similar results. The author also highlights substantial individual differences in children with language disorders, showing varying patterns of strengths and weaknesses across language domains. The author suggests that comprehension of challenging middle-school texts may need to be preceded by appropriate identification of individual patterns of language skill.
In this meta-analysis, they update current predictions for the male-to-female ratio of children with autism, and find that it’s, “not 4:1, as is often assumed; rather, it is closer to 3:1.”
Armstrong, R., Whitehouse, A.J.O., Scott, J.G., Copland, D.A., McMahon, K.L., Fleming, S., & Arnott, W. (2017). A relationship between early language skills and adult autistic-like traits: evidence from a longitudinal population-based study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 47, 5, 1478–1489.
Guo, L-Y., & Spencer, L.J. (2017). Development of Grammatical Accuracy in English-Speaking Children With Cochlear Implants: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 60, 1062–1075.
Kefalianos, E., Onslow, M., Ukoumunne, O.C., Block, S., & Reilly, S. (2017). Temperament and Early Stuttering Development: Cross-Sectional Findings From a Community Cohort. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 60, 772–784.
Loomes, R., Hull, L., & Mandy, W.P.L. (2017). What is the male-to-female ration in autism spectrum disorder? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2017.03.013.
Nippold, M.A. (2017). Reading Comprehension Deficits in Adolescents: Addressing Underlying Language Abilities. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in the Schools, 48, 125–131.
Smith, K.A., Iverach, L., O'Brian, S., Mensah, F., Kefalianos, E., Hearne, A., & Reilly, S. (2017) Anxiety in 11-Year-Old Children Who Stutter: Findings From a Prospective Longitudinal Community Sample. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. Advance online publication. doi:10.1044/2016_JSLHR-S-16-0035.
Thomas, D.C., McCabe, P., & Ballard, K.J. (2017). Combined clinician–parent delivery of rapid syllable transition (ReST) treatment for childhood apraxia of speech. International Journal of Speech–Language Pathology. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/17549507.2017.1316423.
Quinn, E.D., & Rowland, C. (2017). Exploring Expressive Communication Skills in a Cross-Sectional Sample of Children and Young Adults With Angelman Syndrome. American Journal of Speech–Language Pathology. Advance online publication. doi:10.1044/2016_AJSLP-15-0075.